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肖卡特·阿齊茲

Shaukat Aziz

   

发布时间:2017-10-31 16:54:51  浏览次数:11607  来源:博鳌亚洲论坛

肖卡特·阿齊茲

巴基斯坦前總理

肖卡特·阿齊茲先生,於1999年起連續5年出任巴基斯坦財政部長,其後於2004年至2007年期間擔任巴基斯坦總理。

阿齊茲先生是巴基斯坦首位完成整個任期的總理。在任總理期間,他恢復了國家的信譽,在施政時,不僅僅是考慮政治上的權宜之計,更會重視最佳的戰略部署、結構改革和透明度,因而聞名。他的政策是基於自由化,放鬆管制和私有化的原則,同時採取強有力的監管。在阿齊茲先生的任期內,巴基斯坦的經濟有顯著增長,人均收入上升,貧困減少,投資激增,並改善了國家的負債及經濟指標 。

1967年,阿齊茲先生在拉瓦爾品第市戈登學院畢業後,繼續在卡拉奇大學工商管理學院攻讀,並取得工商管理碩士學位。其後,他在花旗銀行實習,因而開始了長達30年全球金融的職業生涯,在巴基斯坦,希臘,美國、英國、馬來西亞、菲律賓、約旦、沙特阿拉伯和新加坡等地擔當重要角色。任職執行副總裁期間,他曾擔任花旗銀行內部的多個高級管理職務,包括中東歐、中東、非洲以及亞太地區的機構銀行業務主管。隨後,阿齊茲先生擔任該行的首席執行官,掌管全球財富管理業務 。

1999年,阿齊茲先生出任國家財政部長,後於2001年被英國雜誌《歐洲貨幣》和 《銀行家》 評為“年度最佳財長”。2013年,阿齊茲先生獲Edbiz Corporation主辦的Global Islamic Finance Awards (GIFA) 頒發“全球伊斯蘭金融領袖獎”,獎項表揚對伊斯蘭的金融情報、意見、支援和相關知識有貢獻的個人或機構。 

在其總理任期內,阿齊茲先生擔任了聯合國秘書長委員會聯席主席,為聯合國推動改革和改善凝聚力。為了表彰他對巴基斯坦作出的貢獻,阿齊茲先生獲其母校–巴基斯坦卡拉奇大學工商管理學院,授予榮譽法學博士學位。 2014年,阿齊茲先生被委任為英國牛津大學格林坦普頓學院的高級客席研究員,負責該學院的年度新興市場論壇。 2014年9月,阿齊茲先生獲泰國曼谷東亞大學頒授榮譽工商管理博士學位。

在阿齊茲先生領導下,巴基斯坦的經濟有明顯的增長。他經常就全球面臨的問題,包括結構改革、外交、地緣政治和安全等挑戰,提供專業意見並發表演講。阿齊茲先生更是全球多家商業和非營利機構的董事會和諮詢委員會成員。此外,阿齊茲先生的著作“From Banking to the Thorny World of Politics” 已 於2016年5月由四重奏出版社發行,並在亞馬遜網絡書店(Amazon.com)上架發售。

 

Former Prime Minister of Pakistan

His Excellency Mr. Shaukat Aziz was elected as Prime Minister of Pakistan and served from 2004 – 2007, following five years as Finance Minister from 1999.

Mr. Aziz was the first Prime Minister of Pakistan to complete a full term in office. Mr. Aziz restored his country’s credibility at home and abroad and is renowned for his strategic approach, structural reforms, transparency and ability to focus on what is best, not simply what is politically expedient. His policies were based on the principals of liberalization, deregulation and privatization, accompanied by strong regulatory oversight.  Mr. Aziz’s tenure was marked by high economic growth, increase in per capita income, reduction in poverty, an upsurge in investments and improved debt and economic indicators.

After graduating from Gordon College, Rawalpindi in 1967, Mr. Aziz gained a MBA degree from the Institute of Business Administration, University of Karachi. An internship at Citibank marked the beginning of a 30 year career in global finance, encompassing roles in Pakistan, Greece, United States, United Kingdom, Malaysia, Philippines, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Singapore. As Executive Vice President, he held several senior management positions in Citibank including head of institutional banking for Central Eastern Europe, the Middle East and Africa and later for Asia Pacific, followed by Chief Executive of the banks global wealth management business.

He became Finance Minister in 1999 and was named “Finance Minister of the year” for 2001 by both Euromoney and The Banker magazines published in the United Kingdom. In 2013 Mr Aziz was awarded Global Leadership in Islamic Finance Laureate by the Edbiz Corporation, a think tank specialising in Islamic financial intelligence, advisory, advocacy and literacy. 

As Prime Minister, Mr. Aziz co chaired the UN Secretary Generals Committee to promote reform and coherence at the United Nations. As recognition of his services to Pakistan, he was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws by his Alma Mater, The Institute of Business Administration, University of Karachi, Pakistan. In 2014 Mr. Aziz was appointed Senior Visiting Research Fellow at Green Templeton College, Oxford University, United Kingdom, where he also chairs their annual Emerging Markets Forum. In September 2014, Mr. Aziz received an Honorary Doctorate in Business Administration from the East Asia University, Bangkok Thailand.

Having presided over impressive economic growth in his country, Mr. Aziz offers an expert view and is a frequent speaker on the challenges facing the world including structural reforms, diplomacy, geopolitics and security. Mr. Aziz is a member of several boards and advisory boards of various commercial and non-profit entities around the world.  Mr. Aziz’s book, ‘From Banking to the Thorny World of Politics’, was published by Quartet in May 2016 and is available on Amazon.com.