Gloria Macapagal ARROYO
Origin:Boao Forum for Asia      Time:2018-04-25 10:47:31     Views:278

Gloria Macapagal ARROYO

President, Republic of the Philippines 2001-2010

Representative, 2nd District, Pampanga 2010-2019

Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was President of the Philippines from January 20, 2001 to June 30, 2010. She is the daughter of the late Diosdado Macapagal, who was President of the Philippines for the term 1961-1965.

She graduated at the top of her grade school class and then again as high school class valedictorian at the Assumption Convent in the Philippines before attending Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. where she was consistently in the Dean’s List of honor students. She graduated Magna cum Laude from Assumption College in the Philippines,

 then obtained a Master’s degree in Economics from the Ateneo de Manila University and a doctorate in Economics from the University of the Philippines. During the period of her graduate studies, she was Assistant Professor at the Ateneo de Manila University and Senior Lecturer at the University of the Philippines. Also during that period, she co-founded the Association for Philippines-China Understanding.

She became Assistant Secretary of Trade and Industry in 1986 and then Undersecretary of the same department in 1989, serving ex-officio as Governor of the Board of Investments. She entered politics as a Senator in 1992. In 1995 she was re-elected, topping the senatorial elections that year with nearly 16 million votes. She authored or sponsored some of the most important economic and social legislation in the country. In  1998, she won the elections as Vice President, garnering an unprecedented majority of seven million votes more than her nearest rival.

Vice President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo assumed the Presidency in 2001 when then President Joseph Estrada stepped down, and then was elected for a fresh term in 2004 until 2010. During President Arroyo’s administration the Philippine economy experienced 38 quarters of positive growth, even against the headwinds of the recession that surrounded the World Trade Center bombing of 2001 and the global economic crisis that erupted in 2008. Her administration saw the Philippine poverty rate go down from 39% to 26% and the Philippine per capita income rise from a third world $957.28 in 2001 to a middle income $2,129.50 in 2010.

When her term as President ended in 2010, President Arroyo ran for Representative of the 2nd District of Pampanga and won by a landslide. She is now on her third and last term as Congresswoman. She was recently elected as chairperson of the Association for Philippines-China Understanding and recently accepted the honorary chair of the Philippine Silk Road Chamber of Commerce.

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