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素帕猜·巴尼巴滴

Supachai PANITCHPAKDI

   

发布时间:2017-06-28 14:40:52  浏览次数:3341  来源:博鳌亚洲论坛

素帕猜·巴尼巴滴

泰国原副总理、世界贸易组织(WTO)原总干事、联合国贸易和发展会议(UNCTAD)前秘书长

素帕猜·巴尼巴滴博士1946年出生于曼谷,并在当地的圣加布里埃尔学院和特安都萨中学就读。1963-1973年,他获得泰国中央银行奖学金,并在位于鹿特丹的荷兰经济学院(现在的伊拉斯姆斯大学)获得计量经济学和发展规划硕士学位以及经济计划与发展博士学位。1974年,素帕猜博士在泰国中央银行开始职业生涯,最初就职于研究部。后来,他被调到其它部门,包括国际金融部和金融机构监管部。1986年,素帕猜博士辞去泰国中央银行金融机构监管部主任一职,开始竞选议会。凭借其在泰国中央银行的显著业绩和成功的竞选活动,他被任命为财政部副部长。1988年议会解散后,他被任命为泰国军人银行总裁兼顾问,随后出任行长。1992年,素帕猜博士获任参议员,并领导一个分委员会起草了泰国第七个国民经济和社会发展规划(1992-1996)。1992年,素帕猜博士重返政坛,当选副总理,负责监管国家经济和贸易政策的制定。他监管了许多重要的经济部门,包括预算局、国民经济和社会发展委员会 、商务部、工业部和农业暨合作部。到1995年,他一直担任副总理。作为泰国国际经济政策委员会主席,素帕猜博士在制定泰国国际贸易和经济政策的过程中有很大的影响力。1993年,他说服泰国公共和私营部门接受乌拉圭回合一揽子协议,并随后促成议会批准此协议。素帕猜博士代表泰国出席了在马拉喀什举行的乌拉圭回合协议签字仪式,并保证泰国政府将全面、忠实地履行世界贸易组织规定的义务。素帕猜博士率先推动举办亚欧会议(ASEM),从而把亚洲和欧洲的各国政府首脑聚在一起,推动亚欧两个大陆的各个国家间建立更紧密的联系。1992年,在新加坡东亚经济峰会上,他最先提议举办亚欧会议。自大湄公河次区域成立以来,他一直致力于推动中国云南省、老挝、泰国、柬埔寨、缅甸和越南等经济体间更紧密的经济一体化,是主要的推动力量。此外,他也是环孟加拉湾多领域经济技术合作倡议(BIMST-EC)协商小组的发起者,该小组把孟加拉国、印度、缅甸、斯里兰卡和泰国等南亚和东南亚国家联系起来。同时,他还和日本前首相桥本龙太郎共同发起成立了“东盟+日本”印度支那和缅甸工作小组(ASEAN-Japan working group on Indochina and Myanmar)。1997年11月,泰国金融危机后,政府发生变动,素帕猜博士再次担任副总理,主管经济政策,同时兼任商务部长。2000年,素帕猜博士获得日经亚洲奖,以表彰他在促进区域增长方面所做出的贡献。2001年,他被聘请为洛桑国际管理发展学院客座教授。他出版过多部著作,包括:《新千年中的全球化与贸易》(2001)和《中国与世贸组织:改变着中国,也改变着世界贸易》(2002,与马克·克利福德合著)。素帕猜博士是泰国南邦如诺大学理事会主席,任职长达13年。1999年9月,他被推选为世贸组织总干事,并于2002年9月1日上任。随后,时任联合国秘书长科菲·安南任命素帕猜博士为联合国贸易和发展会议第九任秘书长,素帕猜博士在2005-2013年担任该职位。素帕猜博士已婚,与夫人筱井(Sasai)育有一儿一女。

 

Former Deputy Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Thailand, Former Director General of the World Trade Organization (WTO), Former Secretary General of United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

Born in Bangkok in 1946, he attended school there at St. Gabriel's College and Triam Udom School. From 1963-1973, under scholarship from the Bank of Thailand, Dr. Supachai received his Master's Degree in Econometrics, Development Planning and his Ph.D. in Economic Planning and Development at the Netherlands School of Economics (now known as Erasmus University) in Rotterdam. Dr. Supachai began his professional career at the Bank of Thailand in 1974, working initially in the Research Department. Later, he moved to other divisions, including the International Finance Division and the Financial Institutions Supervision Department. In 1986, Dr. Supachai relinquished his post as the Director of the Financial Institutions Supervision Department (Bank of Thailand) to run for Parliament. With his notable track record at the BOT and his successful campaign, he was appointed Deputy Minister of Finance. After dissolution of Parliament in 1988, Dr. Supachai was appointed Director and Advisor, and subsequently President, of the Thai Military Bank. In 1992, he was appointed Senator and led a sub-committee to draw up Thailand's Seventh National Economic and Social Development Plan (1992-1996). Returning to politics in 1992, Dr. Supachai became Deputy Prime Minister entrusted with oversight of the country's economic and trade policy making. He supervised key economic offices, including the Budget Bureau, the National Economic and Social Development Board, the Ministry of Commerce, the Ministry of Industry, and the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives. He held the position of Deputy Prime Minister until 1995. As chairman of Thailand's International Economic Policy Committee, Dr. Supachai was highly influential in charting the country's international trade and economic policies. In 1993, he convinced the public and the private sectors on the need for Thailand to accept the Uruguay Round package and consequently helped steer its ratification through Parliament. Dr. Supachai represented Thailand at the signing ceremony of the Uruguay Round Agreement in Marrakesh and he has ensured his government's full and faithful implementation of its obligations under the World Trade Organization (WTO). Dr. Supachai was the first to push for the formation of the Asia Europe Meeting (ASEM) that draws together heads of governments from Asia and Europe to foster closer ties between the nations of the two continents. He first proposed the formation of ASEM at the East Asia Economic Forum in Singapore in 1992. He has been a major driving force behind the Greater Mehong Sub-region from its inception, pushing for closer economic integration between the economies of Yunnan China, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar and Vietnam. He was also the initiator in the BIMST-EC consultative group that links countries in South and Southeast Asia, namely Bangladesh; India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. He was co-founder of the ASEAN-Japan working group on Indochina and Myanmar, along with former Prime Minister Ryotaro Hashimoto of Japan. Following the change of government in November 1997 in the wake of Thailand's financial crisis, Dr. Supachai was appointed Deputy Prime Minister in charge of economic policies, and Minister of Commerce. In 2000, Dr. Supachai was awarded the Nikkei Asia Prize (Regional Growth). In 2001, he was appointed Visiting Professor of the International Institute for Management Development in Lausanne. He has published a number of books including Globalization and Trade in the New Millenium (2001) and China and the WTO: Changing China Changing World Trade (2002, co-authored with Mark Clifford). Dr. Supachai is the Chairman of the Board of Governors of Yonok College in Lampang, Thailand where he serves as chairman for thirteen years. In September 1999, he was elected Director General of World Trade Organization (WTO) taking office on 1 September 2002. Later, then United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan appointed Dr. Supachai as the 9th Secretary General of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, a position he served between 2005 - 2013.Dr. Supachai is married to Mrs. Sasai and has a son and a daughter.